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in France are categorized under the following wine
d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) list
Suggested translation: "regulated
wine of origin"
wines are of higher quality. They are strictly ruled.
Those rules cover methods of growing
and producing, localization, grape-variety, minimum
contents of alcohol, etc.
All those wines are analyzed and tasted. This very strict
legislation guarantees an excellent quality of AOC wines.
The word "Origine" is often replaced by the name of the
place of origin of the wine "Appellation Beaujolais controlée".
complete list of French wine AOC is here
Appellation d'Origine Vin De Qualité Supérieure
Suggested translation: "higher
quality wine of origin"
the hierarchy of wines, those come just after the AOC.
They are also strictly controlled by the "Institut
National des Appellations d'Origine" (INAO).
Rules apply to the zone of production, grape-variety, minimum
alcohol, methods of growing and
Vin de Pays
Suggested translation: "country
are about 150 different Vin de Pays appellations
in France for each area of origin. A country wine
production zone is much larger than an AOC. Languedoc
Roussillon alone produces 75 per cent of the
french country wines. And 25 per cent of the french
wine production are Vin de Pays. Winemakers must
use specific grape varieties suggested by a "Conseil
Interprofessionnel" (joint committee of professionals).
However, regulation are less restrictive than for
AOC wines. For instance, these wines can list on
the label the grape varieties used while AOC wines
cannot. All wines are analyzed, tasted and eventually
approved. and accepted as "Vin de Pays". These wines
are increasingly popular these days, rather cheap
and perfect for daily-drinking wines.
Vin de Table
Suggested translation: "table
40 to 50 percent of the wine produced in France fall
under the table wine category. "Vin de Table" is
the every day wine of France. Indeed it is the lowest
classification. There are few restrictions and rules
are set by the European Union. The label do not have
to mention the area of origin. Typically a wine table
is a mix of several grapes sometimes coming from
different countries within the European Union. Wines
using grapes grown in France are called "Vin
de table français". Wines using european
grapes are called european table wine.
Classification of wine in France - Wine
grades in Bordeaux - Wine
grades in Burgundy - Grands
Crus Bordeaux - List
of AOC in France
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