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Bordeaux wine making


Bordeaux wines: 21 wines in the French Wine Guide

Bordeaux is one of the most important wine producing regions in the world. One third of the good quality wine in France is coming from Bordeaux.

Wine production in Bordeaux :
Bordeaux is 57 appellations, about 7,000 wine-producing châteaux, and 13,000 wine growers. The large diversity of Bordeaux suggests an equal diversity of soil.

Wine Grapes in Bordeaux :
Most of the grapes grown in the Bordeaux region for red wine are Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc which give vigour, tannin and good keeping qualities, and Merlot which brings softness and suppleness. Merlot is the most planted grape in Bordeaux, covering 50% of the wine region (see chart below).

White wines are elaborated mostly from Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon, and sometimes also with Muscadelle.

Bordeaux wine making information :


Size of the vineyards: 120,000 hectares (300,000 acres)
Vineyards: 13,000 wine growers (7,000 chateaux)

Gravels coming from the Pyrénées mountains
and clay, sand, limestone

Weather: Oceanic and temperate with short, mild winters, quite hot summers, long autumns and a high degree of humidity generated by the Atlantic Ocean
Red Grapes
in Bordeaux:

Merlot (50% of Bordeaux vineyards)
Cabernet Sauvignon (26%)
Cabernet Franc (10%)
Other red grapes in Bordeaux, very occasionally: Petit Verdot - Malbec - Carmenère

White Grapes
in Bordeaux:
Sémillon (8% of Bordeaux wines)
Sauvignon (4%)
Other white grapes in Bordeaux, very occasionally: Muscadelle - Ugni blanc - Colombard - Folle blanche

7 million hl or 850 million bottles
red: 87% dry white: 11% sweet white: 2%
Bordeaux is 14% of French wine production, 27% of quality wine

Type of Wine:

Bordeaux AOC red
Entre-Deux-Mers dry white
Saint Emilion
Sauternes sweet white
Other wines of Bordeaux: see list of appellations below



Read more about Bordeaux wines with
Bordeaux: a comprehensive guide to the wines produced from 1961 to 1997, by Robert Jr. Parker

More pages on Bordeaux :
Bordeaux wine

About Bordeaux wine region :
Bordeaux wine information - Bordeaux region information - Wine map - Winemaking in Bordeaux - Bordeaux wine history - Classification of wine - Bordeaux wines and food - Buy Bordeaux wines - Bordeaux main page

Wines from Bordeaux :
Médoc - Haut Médoc - Margaux - Saint Estèphe - Pauillac - Saint Julien - Listrac - Moulis - Graves - Pessac Léognan - Sauternes - Barsac - 1ères Cotes de Bordeaux - Bordeaux aoc/Bordeaux supérieur - Entre Deux Mers - Saint Emilion - Cotes de Castillon - Cotes de Francs - Pomerol - Fronsac - Cotes de Bourg - Wines of Bordeaux

Other french wine regions :
Alsace - Bourgogne (Burgundy) - Champagne - Corsica - Côtes du Rhône - Languedoc-Roussillon - Loire Valley - Provence - South West


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